Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Notes Social Science Civics Chapter 8
CBSE Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 Notes Understanding The Lesson
1. Kalapattu is a village that is close to the sea coast in Tamil Nadu and surrounded by low hills.
2. People here do many kinds of work. Here people do farming and non-farming work. Paddy is the main crop that is grown in irrigated lands. Most of the families earn living through agriculture.
3. Thulasi works here on Ramalingam’s land. Ramalingam has 20 acres of paddy fields in Kalapattu.
4. Apart from this Thulasi does all the tasks at home. She cooks food, cleans the house, and washes clothes, collecting firewood, fetches water, grazing their cattle, getting materials such as groceries for the house.
5. Thulasi’s husband Raman is also a labourer. He sprays pesticides, loading sand from the river or stone from the quarry nearby. This is sent by truck to be used in nearby towns to make houses.
6. Sekar has only two acres land. During the harvest time he takes help of other small farmers and in turn helps them in harvesting their field.
7. Sekar takes seeds and fertilizers as a loan from the trader. And in turn, he sells out his paddy to him in lower price.
8. In India nearly two out of every five rural families are agricultural labourer families. Many of them are landless and others may own very small plots of land.
9. In the coastal areas, we find fishing villages. Pudupet is a village where people earn their living by fishing. Aruna and Paarivelan live in the village and had taken a loan from bank for purchasing catamaran, engine and nets.
10. During the monsoon, the fishermen and women cannot go the sea. During these months, they survive by borrowing from the trader.
11. Many of the small farmers often borrow money from moneylenders for purchasing basic things of agriculture such as seeds, fertilizers and pesticides.
12. The crop can also be ruined if the monsoon does not bring enough rain or heavy rain. Due to this the farmers are unable to pay back their loans.
13. Small farmers barely meet their needs and 80% of farmers belong to this group.
14. In some villages in Central India, both farming and collection from the forest are important sources of livelihood. Collecting mahua, tendu leaves, honey, to be sold to traders, is an important source of additional income.
Rural Livelihoods Class 6 CBSE Notes Important Terms
Labourer: A man who undertakes work of labour.
Harvesting: Reaping and gathering of crops.
Agricultural work: Work related to the agriculture.
Terrace farming: A kind of farming in the hilly areas.
Cooperative society: A society run by groups of members.